The Importance of Technology and Society
Technology is the use of scientific knowledge to create tools and systems that improve efficiency, solve problems, and meet human needs. It can include both physical objects and digital systems.
When we think of the word technology, many things come to mind. We might envision a computer, an automobile, or even something from a science-fiction movie. But the term can also refer to anything that uses electricity and is built for practical purposes, such as a smartphone or refrigerator.
The word ‘technology’ comes from the Indo-European root tek. It originally referred to the ability to ‘weave sticks together’, but soon broadened into a skill that would include making things that could not be made otherwise.
In our modern world, the word technology has been used so often and in such diverse ways that it has become a common part of the language. Despite this, the meaning of the word is still somewhat undefined.
Generally, technologists view their work as ‘problem-solving’, but problem-solving is not the same thing as the making of technology. The making of technology involves an ongoing attempt to bring the world closer to a desired state, rather than being handed a problem and solving it in a way that best meets the requirements.
As Dunne points out, making technology is “an activity that involves a process of active, self-determining participation in what the future will look like”. This means that the technologist must decide on a course of action before it can be carried out, rather than a series of steps toward a predetermined solution.
This is a crucial difference between the two. For one, science focuses on necessity and universality while technology focuses on contingencies and specificities.
That difference has led to a debate about whether or not technology is beneficial to humans. While some argue that it advances and expands our lives, others believe it stifles the human spirit and diminishes our connection to the natural world.
The importance of the relationship between technology and society is not only a matter of economics, but also the development of social norms. This symbiotic relationship between the two is the basis of the field of technology and society in society, which studies the interaction of science and technology with culture, values, ethics, institutions, groups, the environment, and government.
In a society where technology is pervasive, it is important to ensure that people are not overwhelmed by it. Children and adults alike are easily distracted by their devices, which can lead to a variety of issues.
Technological advancements have also had a significant impact on health. For example, telemedicine is now available to help people with chronic illness. Doctors can remotely diagnose and treat their patients, and patients can monitor their progress by using virtual field trips or online portals that allow them to check their medical records.
Moreover, businesses benefit from technology in their everyday business operations. They use it to create new products and services that will be appealing to their customers, and they can deliver those products and services in a timely manner. This allows them to compete in an increasingly competitive market.